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Anthills of the Savannah. Chinua Achebe. Published ONE. _First Witness– Christopher Oriko__. ‘YOU’RE WASTING EVERYBODY’S TIME, Mr. Plot Summary of Anthills of the Savannah by Chinua Achebe Plot (Plot is the major action in a text.) Anthills of the Savannah centres around three. The novels of the Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe present an essential Anthills of the Savannah, Achebe’s first novel in more than 20 years.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. He was the child of Isaiah Okafor Achebe, a Protestant missionary. His mother Janet Ileogbunam was educated at St.

Inhis parents were married by G. Basden in a Christian ceremony. Achebe had his early education at his father’s village, Ogidi and Nekede, Owerri where he won Owerri Province Scholarship to study at Government College Umuahia, one of the premier secondary schools in colonial Nigeria from to Among his classmates were Christopher Okigbo and Chukwuemeka Ike.

Inhe got an admission into University College, Ibadan in Southwest Nigeria where he was intent on reading Science and Medicine, but he soon changed to Literary Studies and received his Bachelor of Arts in English in While in college, Achebe developed his interest in indigenous Nigerian cultures, and he rejected his Christian name, Albert, for his indigenous one, Chinua.

He relinquished this post after the crises in Northern Nigeria in and moved back to the Eastern Nigeria. When the Eastern Region declared itself independent under the name Biafra, Achebe decided to join his fellow Ibos. However, Achebe’s achievements are most concretely reflected by his prominence in Nigeria’s academic culture and in its literary and political institutions. He was also quite influential in the publication of new Nigerian writers.

Inhe co-founded a publishing company with a Nigerian poet named Christopher Okigbo and in he began editing Okike: Journal of New African Writing. Inhe founded Uwa ndi Igbo, a bilingual magazine containing a great deal of information about Igbo culture. Achebe was active in Nigerian politics from the s till his death, and many of his novels address the post-colonial social and political problems that Nigeria still faces.

However, before his demise, Achebe had constantly rejected all National Awards offered him by the civilian Federal Government of Nigeria to protest government’s insensitivity to the plight of Nigerians since the advent of democracy in In the s, Achebe was one of the founders of a Nigerian literary movement that drew upon the traditional oral culture of its indigenous peoples. InAchebe was involved in a ghastly road accident in Nigeria and as a result, he lived in a wheelchair until his death in March 21, in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

His burial attracted people from all walks of life, both friends and foes, who eulogised him as a gallant writer and the father of African Literature. Unlike A Man of the People which portrays the extent of political corruption and moral decadence in the civilian government in Nigeria, Anthills of the Savannah exposes the political corruption and moral decadence of the military regimes to show that neither of both forms of governments is free from this political and social malady.

Anthills of the Savannah centres around three personages—Chris, Sam and Ikem. Contrary to his earlier ambition to be a medical doctor, Sam goes to Sanhurst to be trained as a soldier. When he comes back, there is a coup in the country; his school friends invite him to be the Head of State. His friends help him to form a kitchen cabinet in Kangan with the headquarters in Bassa. After a while, Sam then wants everybody to vote for him to become a live president.

The people of Abazon refuse to vote for him because to them, it is an aberration for a military officer to perpetrate in power. Not quite long, a drought strikes Abazon. The people ask the government to help but the government refuses.


Anthills of the Savannah by Chinua Achebe

The people then chinuz to pay the president a solidarity visit. As they get to the headquarters, the officials are afraid. The visit is not covered by the media for fear of not wanting other tribes to follow suit. After their ignoble reception, the delegation from Abazon head for a hotel room and Ikem, an indigene of Abazon is invited to meet with the delegation.

The Head of State learns about Ikem’s meeting snthills his tribesmen and thinks achwbe Ikem has joined Abazon to form an insurrection.

For this reason, Head of State asks Chris to prepare a sack letter to be sent to Ikem but Chris refuses. In angry humiliation, the Head of State masterminds the killing of Ikem in cold blood. After Ikem has been carefully assassinated by the power-drunk military junta, Chris is the next target of elimination as he is declared wanted by the police who accuse him of exposing the excesses of the government to foreign media.

On their journey to the northern part of the country, they are stopped by a frenzied crowd of cops and civilians who have stopped a truckload of beer to celebrate the recent coup in the country. In the drunken orgy, a police cop attempts to rape a girl but Chris will not allow him.

In the fracas that ensues, the cop shoots Chris dead. As the novel comes to an end, Chinuz and Chris are killed as Elewa, Ikem’s wife, gives birth to a baby who is christened by Beatrice since there is now no male figure in the family. She is one of the passengers on the bus boarded by Chris, Emmanuel, and Abdul as they leave Bassa and head north for safety.

She is the same girl whom Chris tries to save from being raped by a cop and in the process; Chris is shot dead by this trigger-happy cop. Like Jesus, Chris gives his life that she may live. Adamma’s returning with Emmanuel to visit Beatrice is her kind way of paying the family back for what Chris has done for her. In other words, she gives ajthills life to Chris’s family. After all, we could not have expected anything less. Agatha ssvannah Beatrice’s flighty, religious, and judgmental house girl.

She is a devout Christian who attends services. Agatha is a semi illiterate housemaid of Beatrice and she appears antjills a flat character throughout the novel. Because of her educational level, she uses substandard English known as Pidgin. One may wonder chinya Beatrice employs a semi illiterate as a maid. She is not the only person who does this. This is usually the trend in the country.

Many educated rich people prefer the services of these semi illiterates for two major reasons: For this reason, she would not do any work on Chiuna, not even to light a stove. She is Ikem’s neighbour’s wife. Not much is heard from and about her except the little information she gives to unravel the mysterious disappearance of Ikem. Agnes is an image of a typical African housewife. She is Braimoh’s wife from Abazon. As a wife of a taxi-driver, achwbe belongs to the lower class society and she speaks Pidgin, a version of Savannqh typical of people from her class.

Although she is illiterate, she is intelligent and has sense of humour. Like many women of her class, Aina is at the bottom of the ladder as she has to raise a good number of children in a poorly-furnished room apartment.

He is the chairman of the Kangan-American Chamber of Commerce. Although he is an active public official, Alhaji Mahmoud does not always appear in public functions.


Anthills of the Savannah

He is more or less a recluse. He does not only avoid public appearances but also speaks very little when he does go public.

There is a rumour that he is one of the smugglers with fifty companies and a bank. He is a professional lawyer who knows his profession and his worth.

Rather, he lets him know the ethics of his profession which sometimes guide his feelings as well as his actions and reactions. This is revealed when the Head of Sate summons him to ov office and asks him about his opinion on whether Chris is loyal to him or not. Even when Major Sam demands his confirmation or objection to his fears, Attorney-General speaks more than needed. In fact, his tirade sounds like a cabinet gossip.

There is no doubt that his revelation will put more strain in the relationship between Major Sam and his boyhood friend, who is now his adulthood enemy. Beatrice is a Senior Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and an old friend of the two major male characters and a lover of Chris. She symbolizes modern African woman. Unlike other female characters in the novel, she is not only well yhe but also intelligent.

Beatrice’s baptismal name is Nwanyibuife, an Igbo name which means “a girl is also something”. She grows up to dislike her native name because it shows very little or no regard her Igbo traditional society has for female children in particular and women folk in general. He is the taxi-driver who drives Chris out of his hideout in Bassa after an announcement by the police declaring him wanted.

Like Emmanuel, Braimoh is loyal and selfless to Chris. He is not afraid that they could be intercepted by the police thereby putting his life in danger. Again, one would have expected Braimoh to disdain and condemn Chris, savannsh member of a despotic government, to his fate but Braimoh seems to see the humanity of Chris rather than his occupation. It is this unselfish love that makes Braimoh runs after Chris’s murderer.

He is a soldier who has soft spot for the so-called bloody civilians. Unlike some of his fellow soldiers, Captain Medani mingles freely with the non-members of the armed forces. A typical example is when he gives Beatrice a strange call urging her to tell Chris to move farther to savznnah his life.

Again, we see him personally volunteer to bring the news of the gruesome murder of Chris to Beatrice and also remaining in her house to console her. Furthermore, the type of argument that Captain Abdul Medani engages with his civilian friends—Emmanuel and Braimoh is uncommon among members of the armed forces. Chris is the Commissioner anthillw Information in Kangan. He is an intellectual in government who still retains his sense of honour and morality even in a corrupt and wanton regime like the type we see in Anthills.

However, his sense of honour and morality anthikls him an arch enemy of Major Sam despite nathills fact that they were both classmates at Lord Lugard College. In my opinion, Chris is the hero of Anthills. It is this messianic death that makes me place him as the central character in the novel.

She is Beatrice’s girl friend. Although she is sensitive and attractive, she was not very lucky with her first husband, whose people did not accept her as a person. Fortunately for her, she is now married to another man, who is not from her tribe and she has acehbe kids.