Antonie Plamadeala, Leonida being his birth name prior to his becoming a monk in , was born on 17 November in the village Stolniceni in Bessarabia. The Life of the Romanian Theologian Antonie Plamadeala as a Runaway from the Secret Police and as a Political Prisoner in Communist Romania.
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The Use and Misuse of Information in Securitate – Eurostudia – Érudit
Switch to classic qntonie. This short article discusses a series of Securitate documents which contain various inconsistencies, and which were written on or about the Romanian theologian Antonie Plamdaeala. Examining these files, I attempt to reconstruct the case Securitate built against Plamadeala in the late s, and point to errors and forgeries, which they may contain.
I do this by first laying out the series of accusations the Romanian secret police brought against Plamadeala in and the way in which it constructed its evidence to support its case against him.
I then offer a succinct analysis of ways in which one may derive truth from the plethora of information such files may bring to the attention of the modern investigator, truth which, as this article shows, is often juxtaposed with untruth in Securitate archival records. In this article I seek to elaborate further on this idea. For antojie, I provide as example some of the Romanian communist secret police Securitate files pertaining antomie the Romanian theologian Antonie Plamadealaa prominent figure of the Romanian society and Orthodox Church, who served as Metropolitan of Transylvania from until his death.
In this article, I focus on his experience with the Romanian secret police until his release from the Jilava prison in and about the key events that lead to his prison discharge.
His incarceration, however, came roughly five years after his initial trial during which he was tried in absentia. This article focuses primarily on his retrial, pkamadeala Plamadeala requested shortly after his arrest. In the two years during which his second trial lastedthe evidence employed during his first trial proved to be most likely fabricated and the charges initially brought against him—his alleged membership in the Legionary Movement—dropped.
Taking the Securitate files on Antonie Plamadeala as a case study, I show why antonei usage of official documents produced by governmental institutions of the former Romanian Communist regime, although useful in uncovering the past, demands caution from those examining and interpreting them. It is possible that other archival sources do exist on this theologian, but which have not yet been open antknie the public.
Plmadeala, the conclusions brought forth in this article are limited to information I could derive from the fond penal dossiers plamaseala, vols. Looked at as a case study, the Securitate files regarding Plamadeala bring to light some insight into what may have constituted as evidence for Securitate personnel. I conclude with recommendations pertaining to reading secret police files. Antonie Plamadeala, Leonida being his birth name prior to his becoming a monk inwas born on 17 November in the village Stolniceni in Bessarabia Aioanei However, because of the Soviet invasion of Bessarabia inhe and his family sought out refuge in Isalnita, a village next to the city of Craiova, in southern Romania.
The young Plamadeala and his family left Bessarabia, with p,amadeala hope of escaping its Soviet invasion, only months before the arrival of the Soviet troops in Bucharest on 31 August There, the Soviet Army faced a government open to collaborate with the Soviets in defeating the Germans. It is in this socio-political milieu that Plamadeala found himself in Bucharest of the late s, while pursuing his undergraduate studies at the Faculty of Theology at plamadexla University of Bucharest.
Those were years when major and abrupt transformations were occurring in the Romanian society, in the midst of a nation with a small pplamadeala of citizens who were not all yet fully discouraged or taken over by fear to revolt against these changes. Inplamadewla were still many, especially among the young Romanians, whose courage may have been still nurtured by the hope that they were capable to oppose these transformations and eventually bring about an auspicious end, with the support of America and its western allies.
Antonie Plamadeala, in a post interview provided to several Romanian journalists about his life, stated that he was one of those who joined the fight against Communism in those crucial years:.
I was among those who wanted to change the regime and was waiting for the Americans to come. I was told that they were coming on the 1 st or the 15 th of the month and they never came!
Plamaedala I was one of those who were betrayed by Churchill plamadeeala lied about Yalta until his death! During this time propaganda was being carried out by a German radio station installed in Austria, that Europe will be free.
It [the radio station] was preaching daily: If not on the 1 st [of the month], we are coming on the 15 th [of the month].
The American army is on the verge of departing to liberate you from Communism. Student anntonie were not the only anti-Communist activity in which Plamadeala engaged during this crucial period. He was also writing and distributing copies of an ultra-nationalist newspaper by the name of Ecoul Basarabiei The Echo of Bessarabia. Many of these newspaper copies managed to get to Securitate, the theologian confirmed: Still, one must not exclude his probable mingling with the legionaries, as Securitate pllamadeala suggest, as an additional reason to make him a solid target of the secret police.
As I have mentioned above, Plamadeala was tried in plamadeaoa inand accused of being a member of the notorious Fascist Legionary Movement. From Securitate documents accumulated about these flyers, Plamadeala was involved in neither their writing nor their distribution.
His name appeared on the list of students accused of Legionarism, as Securitate documents confirm, because he was denounced as being a legionary by three students.
Two of these students, however, changed their story in respect to Plamadeala when asked to testify in Court during his trial In I knew Plamadeala…only as a simple student. The documents presented here illustrate that those who wrote them distorted the truth, deliberately or not, for reasons, which are difficult to pinpoint with full certainty.
Photo 1 concerns a document wherein Plamadeala is listed number 14 as a student in the faculty of medicine—a ppamadeala statement, as Plamadeala never plamadesla medical school.
His education has always been in the realm of theology, with the exception of one year of studies in pedagogy in Chisinau, Bessarabia Buda and Maica Anastasia Photo 2 features an actual declaration, falsified to seem that it was written and signed by Plamadeala.
The theologian had a distinct writing and signature, which may be identified plqmadeala Photo 3. As one can see in Photo 2, antonis person who wrote and signed as Plamadeala forged this document.
Neither the writing style nor the plammadeala are the same as in Photo 3. Photo 3 features the actual signature of Plamadeala. Essentially, the documents mentioned here give a glimpse of the Securitate personnel who wrote these files. The insight they give about these individuals calls into question their objectivity and truthfulness.
One key task in reading secret police files is not only in identifying the truth but also in successfully pointing out the lies, errors and forgeries these files may contain.
Moreover, identifying the motives why a given lie or misleading information was written in a given document pla,adeala prove useful in deciphering the veracity such a document may indeed conceal. That which may have been fabricated or forged may provide useful clues concerning the real story ies such files intended to bury.
In the case of Plamadeala, the fabrication of evidence employed to issue his arrest order in plamadealz, evidence which was used in his trial, may suggest that Securitate was not necessarily after him for his alleged ties to the Legion but for something else, perceived equally threatening nonetheless to the newly established Communist regime in Romania.
This he himself insinuates in his memoirs Plamadeala and Petcu Planadeala to ultranationalist ideals was not always synonymous to Legionarism Clark For the sake of simplifying things and more anronie identifying their enemies, the Romanian Communist Party leadership and the Securitate, however, may have operated under the assumption that it was, and, as a result, may have labeled many as legionaries based on this false premise.
Plamadeala seems to have been one of these cases. The arguments brought here in respect to lack or reliability of secret police files to tell the truth should by no means discredit altogether their usage in deciphering the past, but only to remind one of the intricate, at times ambiguous and flawed, stories these files tell, and of the need to approach with them with much required diligence.
This article proposes another angle through which one may examine Securitate files. In the case of Securitate documents on Plamadeala, at least the ones to which I was given access by ACNSAS, such files do tell stories, often incomplete ones, artfully intertwining truth and untruth, all to serve the interest not necessarily of the ones these stories are about, but of the ones who wrote them.
An Analysis of Local Lived Experience. Abstracts Abstract This short article discusses a antoni of Securitate documents which antonif various inconsistencies, and which were written on or about the Romanian plqmadeala Antonie Plamadeala. Antonie Plamadeala, in a post interview provided to several Romanian journalists about his life, stated that he was one of those who joined the fight against Communism in those crucial years: Photo 1 Plamadeala identified as a medical olamadeala.
Appendices Footnotes  InPlamadeala was excluded from the monastic life, as a result of the decree from 11 October By then he was a doctoral student at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Bucharest. He worked at this plant until Aioanei The list of students was finalized on 14 January The manifestos were delivered in envelopes, some of plamadexla were marked with a small sign, addressed to priests.
He then worked at the Theological Seminary in Ramnicul-Valcea, and later served as vicar bishop and metropolitan of Moldavia eastern part of Romania. From to his death he served as plammadeala patriarch of the Romania Orthodox Church Leustean His death certificate confirms that he died from tuberculosis in at the Targul Ocna prison. Mitropolitul Antonie Plamadeala si amintirea unei prietenii: The Case of Plamadeala.
Eurostudia10 1— The Case of Plamadeala”.