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The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on. APOSTOLICAE CURAE. Pope Leo XIII. Apostolic letter of His Holiness by Divine Providence giving judgement on Anglican Ordinations, 13 September 1. Apostolicae curae et caritatis, qua Pastorem magnum ovium, Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum (Hebr. XIII, 20), referre pro munere et imitari, aspirante eius.

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Cardinal Basil HumeRoman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster London, Englandsuggested that the conclusions of Apostolicae curae can only relate apodtolicae the situation in and that the involvement of Old Catholic bishops in Anglican ordinations since the Bonn Agreement in the 20th century, along with changes of the consecratory prefaces, had re-established apostolic succession within Anglicanism.

How does it understand the eucharistic presence and sacrifice? It is also important in judging the intention of Anglican churches compared to the wider Catholic tradition to note that, unlike many European Reformed bodies, Anglicans have always recognised the validity of Roman and Orthodox Orders and never re-ordained those Roman Catholic priests who have come to them — whereas they have consistently re-ordained ministers from Protestant churches without episcopal succession.

Although the signification ought to be found in the whole essential apostollcae, that is to say, in the “matter and form”, it still pertains chiefly to the “form”; since the “matter” is the part which is not determined by itself, but which is determined by the “form”. As to the second question, we aposholicae it is clear from the discussion above chrae, despite verbal denials of propitiation, the Anglican Church, as a Church, did not deny the essential elements of Eucharistic sacrifice.

They are men who from their cjrae office take precedence in learning and authority, and who have at heart the glory of God and curaee salvation of souls.

Retrieved 17 March According to this view, the required references to the sacrificial priesthood never existed in many ancient Catholic ordination liturgies and also in certain current Eastern-rite ordination liturgies that the Roman Catholic Church considered valid.

A Critique of Apostolicae Curae

He concludes by explaining how carefully and how prudently this matter has been examined by the Apostolic Seehow those who examined it with him were agreed that the question had already been settled, but that it furae be reconsidered and decided in the light of the latest controversies over the question.

Herein, after full approval and confirmation of Pole’s action, the following instruction is given concerning ordinations: Delivery of Instruments and Article 36 In A. Quoniam vero, ut principio monuimus, nihil Nobis antiquius optatiusque est quam ut hominibus recte animatis maxima possimus indulgentia et caritate prodesse, ideo iussimus in Ordinale anglicanum, quod caput est totius causae, rursus quam studiosissime inquiri.

In other words, while we apostolicaee with the theological principle, we must challenge the presentation of the associated facts. The pope cirae agreed to reexamine the question and remove every doubt.


Catholic Online Email Email with Catholic feel. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Herman F.

Acta Apostolicae Sedis in Latin. The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. Apostolicae curaehowever, takes no account of the preface.

According to the teaching of the Catholic Church, to attempt to confer orders a second time on the same person would be a sacrilege ; hence, apostklicae Church, by knowingly allowing the practice of ordaining convert clergymen, supposed that their orders were invalid.

Twelve such sessions were held, in which “all were invited to free discussion”. Inthe Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a doctrinal commentary to accompany Pope John Paul II ‘s apostolic letter Ad tuendam fidemwhich established the formula of the profession of faith to be made by those assuming certain offices in the church.

Quae sententia, id sane considerare refert, ne a defectu quidem traditionis instrumentorum quidquam crae duxit: These Paul IV confirmed and explained. But he also feeds it with Word and Sacrament. Cure, what the letters of Julius III themselves say about freely using the Pontifical faculties, even on behalf of those who had received their consecration “irregularly minus rite and not according to the accustomed form of the Church,” is to be especially noted.

Nor could words express the recognition which this devoted courage will win for them from the assemblies of the brethren throughout the Catholic world, or what hope or confidence it will merit for them before Christ as their Judge, or what reward it will obtain from Him in the heavenly kingdom!

Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Cardinalibus a Nobismetipsis designato, data singulis facultate disputandi libera. The congregation’s commentary listed Leo XIII’s declaration in Apostolicae curae on the invalidity of Anglican ordinations as an example of “those truths connected to revelation by historical necessity and which are to be held definitively, but are not able to be declared as divinely revealed”.

The pope felt that not only was the proper form for the sacrament lacking in the Anglican ordinal, but the intention was also lacking.

Apostolicae Curae

De consecratione episcopali similiter est. Old Catholic bishops, recognized as valid by Rome, have acted as co-consecrators in episcopal consecrations with Anglicans. Extrinsic grounds The extrinsic grounds are to be found in the fact of the implicit approval of the Holy See given to the constant practice of unconditionally ordaining convert clergymen from the Anglican Church who desired to become priestsand in the explicit declarations of the Holy See as to the invalidity of Anglican orders on every occasion when its decision was evoked.

Before dealing with what the Rite does aposotlicae, another point must be made about omissions from it. The Bull concludes with the usual declaration of the authority of this Apostolic letter. Finally, a doubt having arisen as to who in fact might be said and apostilicae to be bishops ‘regularly and rightly ordained’ according to the mind of the Pope, the latter shortly afterwards, on the 30th of October, issued a further letter in the form of a Brief, in which he said: Given at Rome, at St.


In the first case, after a searching investigation, the Consultors, not a few in number, gave in writing their answers or as they call it, their vota and the rest unanimously agreed with their conclusion, “for the invalidity of the Ordination,” and only on account of reasons of opportuneness did the Cardinals deem it well to answer with a dilata viz.

Finally, We directed that the acts of these meetings, together with all other documents, should be submitted to Our venerable brethren, the Cardinals of the same Council, so that when all had studied the whole subject, and discussed it in Our presence, each might give his own opinion.

The former would leave validity unaffected, as acknowledged by all theologians in treating Protestant baptisms, whereas the latter is quite a juggling act, and the Pope gave no indication he posited such complex ambivalence in the original Anglican Ordinals. English text of Apostolicae curae— ; abridged English text of Saepius officio— The same documents were called into use and considered again in the examination of the second case, and additional written statements of opinion were also obtained from Consultors, and the most eminent doctors of the Sorbonne and of Douai were likewise asked for their opinion.

As it has always been the unvarying and accepted teaching of the Church that it is unlawful to repeat the sacrament of Order, it was accordingly quite impossible that the Apostolic See should tacitly allow or tolerate such a custom. A Vindication of the Bull ‘Apostolicae Curae’: Among the ideas specifically and vehemently rejected by the Reformers and their successors under Elizabeth are the following: In the first place, therefore, consideration was given to the chief documents by which Our Predecessors, at the request of Queen Mary, made special provision for the reconciliation of the English Church.

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Litterae Apostolicae Apostolicae curae (13 Septembris ) | LEO XIII

Eo autem pluris refert considerare, eamdem Pontificis sententiam spectare universe ad omnes Anglicanorum ordinationes. Temple, Frederick ; Maclagan, William In recent years, however, several members of the clergy and laity of the Anglican Church set forth the plea that the practice of the Catholic Church in insisting on unconditionally ordaining clerical converts from Anglicanism arose from want of due inquiry into the validity of Anglican ordersand from mistaken assumptions which, in the light of certain historical investigations, could not justly be maintained.

While firmly restating the judgment of Apostolicae Curae that Anglican ordination is invalid, the Catholic Church takes account of the involvement, in some Anglican episcopal ordinations, of bishops of the Old Catholic Church of the Union of Utrecht who are validly ordained. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.