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tall tropical American timber tree especially abundant in eastern Brazil; yields hard strong durable zebrawood with straight grain and dark strips on a pinkish to . Gonçalo Alves ou Gonçaleiro (Astronium fraxinifolium) Família Anacardiaceae. Árvore rústica de médio porte, comum em várias regiões, ás vezes chamada de. PDF | Essential oils produced from leaves of Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. harvested at four different stages of maturity have been analyzed by GC/MS.

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Astronium fraxinifolium Images – Useful Tropical Plants

It is popularly used in the treatment of various diseases including skin, digestive tracts, urogenital, respiratory disorders, infections, and pain [ 22 ]. The treatment was initiated when the lesions appeared about the 20th day after astroniun. Publisher Reference Publications; Michigan. The major component of the essential oil was carvacrol. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Astronium graveolens brasiliensis Engl. Ethanolic extracts from A. Lesion thickness a and number of parasites b in hamster footpad infected with 10 6 promastigotes of Leishmania braziliensis.

The arrow indicates start of treatment about the 27th day. Now containing plants. Furthermore, the continuous use of ineffective drugs has led to the development of resistance to their compounds [ 16 ], which have stirred an urgent need for craxinifolium, effective, and safe drugs for treatment of leishmaniasis. Sample of the wood Photograph by: The number of parasites in the lesions was quantified by the limiting dilution technique as previously described [ 30 ].

As it was shown in Figure 1essential oil of P.

In vitro antileishmanial activity of essential oil of P. In respect to parasite growth, the animals treated with the plant material showed lower parasites in the infected footpad after treatment in comparison to the untreated animals Figure 4 b.


In vitro results showed that both essential oil of P. Cytotoxicity of the plant material. The animals were also weighed during this period. In the present study we decided to evaluate two medicinal plants, Plectranthus amboinicus and Astronium fraxinifolium.

Last update on The supernatant was discarded, and the cells were resuspended in culture medium. Sierra Romero, and Z.

The aim of the present work was to demonstrate in vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activity of Astronium fraxinifolium and Plectranthus amboinicus. Treatment was done by administering OEPA intralesionally i.

Any loss of weight was not observed asyronium the animals treated with the plant material. Another problem is related to the lower efficacy of the drugs in children compared to adults [ 11 ]. Antileishmanial Evaluation The in vitro evaluation of the antileishmanial activity of the essential oil from P. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Assays were performed in triplicate. Fruiting branch Photograph by: Table of Contents Alerts. The animals were euthanized after the 8th week of infection.

Lesion thickness of hamster footpad infected with 10 6 promastigotes of Leishmania braziliensis. After the 7th week of infection, the lesion thickness in the group treated with the plant material was below the limit of normal thickness. Year ISBN Description An extremely concise book, listing fraxinifolim 1, species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, fraxinifllium brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.

According astrknium the World of Health Organization [ 2 ], about 0.

Astronium fraxinifolium Images

Results and Discussion In the present study we decided to evaluate two medicinal plants, Plectranthus amboinicus and Astronium fraxinifolium. Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. The aim of the present work was to evaluate antileishmanial activity of Astronium fraxinifolium and Plectranthus amboinicus.


Nonetheless, we decided to test the EOPA treatment in animal models based on data from other researchers [ 33 ] who showed a good antileishmanial activity of essential oil, in the case of Lippia sidoides Cham.

Several studies have been published confirming much of the popular use of Plectranthus amboinicussuch as anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities [ 23 — 27 ]. Lesion sizes were measured weekly with a dial gauge caliper 0. Another point to take into account is that the drugs available for CL treatment produce significant side effects due to their high toxicity and tissue drug accumulation, which includes myalgias, nausea, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmia, hepatitis, or pancreatitis [ 1213 ].

The Myracrodruon urundeuva species, a plant of the same family, native in northeastern Brazil, is widely used fraxinioflium folk medicine for treatment of various dermatological frsxinifolium and is known to have antimicrobial [ 19 ], antiulcer [ ffraxinifolium ], and anti-inflammatory activities [ 21 ].

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As it was shown in our previous study [ 26 ], the major component in essential oil obtained from P. Several studies have been done in order to evaluate antileishmanicidal activity of medicinal plants [ 1718 ]. Increased incidence of resistance to the drug has been described [ 8 ].

The treatment started when the lesions appeared 3 weeks. All the extracts contained phenols and tannins. View at Google Scholar P. View at Google Scholar E. View at Google Scholar O. The second protocol consisted of 15 daily intralesional injections.