CONPLAN is different from other war plans in that it posits a small-scale operation and no “boots on the ground.” The typical war plan. Home» Entities» CONPLAN Profile: CONPLAN Printer- Friendly View; Email to Friend; Increase Text Size; Decrease Text Size. Ordering. The Center for Grassroots Oversight. This page can be viewed at http://www. ?entity=conplan_ Profile: CONPLAN
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The plan was reportedly completed in Novemberresulting in a preemptive and offensive strike capability. Single Integrated Operational Plan for origins and details. In Octoberit merged with the United States Space Command and it employs more than 2, people, representing all four services, including DoD civilians and contractors. Strategic Command is one of the three Unified Combatant Commands organized along a functional basis, the other six are organized on a geographical basis.
On 1 JunePresident George H. Bush established the U. Strategic Command from the Strategic Air Command and other Cold War military bodies, the Command unified planning, targeting and wartime employment of strategic forces under one commander.
Day-to-day training, equipment and maintenance responsibilities for its forces remained with the Air Force, as a result of the Nuclear Posture Review, the Cold War system of relying solely on offensive nuclear response was modified. The merged command was responsible for early warning of and defense against missile attack as well as long-range strategic attacks. This combination of roles, capabilities and authorities under a unified command was unique in the history of unified commands.
Strategic Command officials were expected to deliver a detailed plan on the separation to General Cartwright for approval by September and this comes after some concern by officials and lawmakers such as U.
Department of Defense and specifically the way space has been organized at U.
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It was expected that MSD would eventually move to Peterson AFB to join the rest of N2C2 and this combination of authorities, oversight, leadership and management is supposed to enable a more responsive, flattened organizational construct according to the commands leadership. The current commander is Admiral Michael S. Pyongyang is both the capital as well as its largest city. To the north and northwest the conplam is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok, the country is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone separating the two.
Negotiations on reunification failed, and in two separate governments were formed, the communist Democratic Conpla Republic of Korea in the north, an invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War. The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, and no peace treaty was ever signed.
North Korea officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state and formally holds elections, critics regard it as a totalitarian dictatorship.
Various outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung, International organizations have assessed human rights violations in North Korea as belonging to a category of their own, with no parallel in the contemporary world. Over time, North Korea has gradually distanced itself from the world communist conlan, Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution as a creative application of Marxism—Leninism in The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises, most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded.
From toNorth Korea suffered from a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 0. North Korea follows Songun, or military-first policy and it is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9, active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
Its active duty army of 1. The name Korea derives from the name Goryeo, the name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name. The 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, and thus inherited its name, the modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Companys Hendrick Hamel.
Korean resistance groups known as Dongnipgun operated along the Sino-Korean border, some of them took part in allied action in China and parts of South East Asia.
One of the leaders was the communist Kim Il-sung, who later became the leader of North Korea. Comprising conllan land area of 1, km2, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East, with It is the country with both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. The countrys central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, Tehran is the countrys capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is the site of to one of the worlds oldest civilizations, the area was cobplan unified by the Iranian Medes in BC, who became the dominant cultural and political power in the region.
The empire collapsed in BC following the conquests of Alexander the Great, under the Sassanid Dynasty, Iran again became one of the leading powers in the world for the next four centuries.
Beginning in Xonplan, Arabs conquered Iran and largely displaced the indigenous faiths of Manichaeism and Zoroastrianism by Islam, Iran became a major contributor to the Islamic Golden Age conplzn followed, producing many influential scientists, scholars, artists, and thinkers. During the 18th century, Iran reached its greatest territorial extent since the Sassanid Empire, through the late 18th and 19th centuries, a series of conflicts with Conpllan led to significant territorial losses and the erosion of sovereignty.
Popular unrest culminated in the Persian Constitutional Revolution ofwhich established a monarchy and the countrys first legislative body.
Following a coup instigated by the U. Growing dissent against foreign influence and political repression led to the Revolution, Irans rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 21 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and 11th-largest in the world.
Its political system is based on the Constitution which combines elements of a democracy with a theocracy governed by Islamic jurists under the concept of a Supreme Leadership.
A multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, most inhabitants are Shia Muslims, the largest ethnic groups in Iran are cknplan Persians, Azeris, Kurds and Lurs. Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due mainly to the writings of Greek historians who called Iran Persis, meaning land of the Persians. As the most extensive interactions the Ancient Greeks had with any outsider was with the Persians, however, Persis was originally referred to a region settled by Persians ocnplan the conpla shore of Cohplan Urmia, in the 9th century BC.
The settlement was then shifted to the end of the Zagros Mountains. Tactical nuclear weapon — Tactical nuclear weapons were a large part of the peak nuclear weapons stockpile levels during the Cold War.
Tactical nuclear weapons include gravity bombs, short-range missiles, artillery shells, land mines, depth charges, also in this category are nuclear armed ground-based or shipborne surface-to-air missiles and air-to-air missiles. In wartime, such explosives could be used for demolishing choke-points to enemy offensives, such as at tunnels, narrow mountain passes, there is no precise definition of the tactical category, neither considering range nor yield of the nuclear weapon.
Modern tactical nuclear warheads have yields up to the tens of kilotons, or potentially hundreds, several times that of the used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima. Use of tactical nuclear weapons against similarly-armed opponents carries a significant danger of escalating the conflict beyond anticipated boundaries. For example, firing a nuclear artillery shell similar to the W48 at the enemy invites retaliation.
It may provoke the enemy into responding with several artillery shells similar to the W By using tactical nuclear weapons 822 is donplan risk of escalating the conflict until it reaches a tipping point which provokes the use of strategic nuclear weapons such as ICBMs.
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Additionally, the nuclear weapons most likely to be used first have usually been under less stringent political control at times of military combat crises than strategic weapons. Early Permissive Action Links could be as simple as a combination lock.
For these reasons, stockpiles of nuclear warheads in most countries arsenals have been dramatically reduced c. This concept was formalized when Putin took power in Russia in the following year, ten NATO member countries have advanced a confidence-building plan for NATO and Russia that could lead to treaties to reduce the tactical nuclear weapons in Europe.
The SIOP gave the President of the United States a range of targeting options, the plan integrated the capabilities of the nuclear triad of strategic bombers, land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, and sea-based submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The SIOP was a classified document, and was one of the most secret. This document established a detailed and elaborate set of goals and conditions that included targeting.
The number of targets in the NTB varied over time, from 16, in to 12, at the end of the Cold War into 2, by SIOP, and its successors, is most importantly an integrated plan that uses both Air Force and Navy delivery systems, it is single only in the sense that it comes out of one planning group.
The plan actually contains multiple attack options that are themselves complex plans, Soviet planning thus emphasized defenses against nuclear bombing, and attacks on Western European bomber bases. Soviet conventional forces greatly outnumbered the Wests, however, and United States strategic nuclear strike plans were developed accordingly, while the United States was the only nation with the atomic bomb, in it had only 17 Silverplate B bombers and 11 atomic bombs. The bombs were of the Mark 3 type, weighing five tons, the press reported that atomic-capable Bs were deployed to Britain in mid during the Berlin Blockade, by which time the US possessed about 50 atomic weapons.
Other than increasing its anti-aircraft defenses, the Soviets did not change its military preparations in any way during the blockade, unlike the reaction in the West.
US war planners lacked updated maps of the USSR, however, due in part to the lack of updated intelligence, nuclear planning increasingly focused on urban areas, which were easier to target and offered fonplan potential for 8202 damage.
They consist of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, from the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the cpnplan of the United States. A sense of unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War. Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and it played an important role in the American Civil War, where leading generals on both sides were picked from members of the United States military.
Not until the outbreak of World War II did a standing army become officially established. It draws its personnel from a pool of paid volunteers. For the period —14, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute found that conpllan United States was the worlds largest exporter of major arms, the United States was also the worlds eighth largest importer of major weapons for the same period.
The history of the U. Rising tensions at various times with Britain and France and the ensuing Quasi-War and Fonplan of quickened the development of the U. Navy, the reserve branches formed a military strategic reserve during the Cold War, to be called into service in case of war. Time magazines Mark Thompson has suggested that with the War on Terror, Command over the armed forces is established in the United States Constitution.
The sole power of command is vested in the Connplan by Article II as Commander-in-Chief, the Constitution also allows for the creation of executive Departments headed principal officers whose opinion the President can require. This allowance in the Constitution formed the basis for creation of the Department of Defense in by the National Security Act, the Defense Department is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and member of the Cabinet.
The Defense Secretary is second in the chain of command, just below cinplan President. Together, the President and the Secretary of Defense comprise the National Command Authority, to coordinate military strategy with political affairs, the President has a National Security Council headed by the National Security Advisor.
The collective body has only power to the President. Computer virus — A computer virus is a type of malicious software program that, when executed, replicates by reproducing itself or infecting other computer programs by modifying them.
Cnoplan computer programs can include as well, data files, or the sector of the hard drive. When this replication succeeds, the areas are 8202 said to be infected with a computer virus.
The term virus is also commonly, but erroneously, used to refer to types of malware. The majority of active malware threats are actually trojan horse programs or computer worms rather than computer viruses, the term computer virus, coined by Fred Cohen incon;lan a misnomer.
Virus writers use social engineering deceptions and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their cojplan computers and computing resources. Computer viruses currently cause billions of dollars worth of damage each year, due to causing system failure, wasting computer resources, corrupting data, 80222 maintenance costs. The work of von Neumann was later published as the Theory of self-reproducing automata, in his essay von Neumann described how a computer program could be designed to reproduce itself.
Von Neumanns design for a computer program is considered the worlds first computer virus. The Reaper program was created to delete Creeper, in fiction, the Michael Crichton sci-fi movie Westworld made an early mention conlpan the concept of a computer virus, being a central plot theme that causes androids to run amok. Alan Oppenheimers character summarizes the problem by stating that. To which the replies are stated, Perhaps there are similarities to disease and.
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Ina program called Elk Cloner was the first personal computer virus to appear in the wild—that is, outside the single computer or lab where it was created. Suitcase nuclear device — A suitcase nuclear device is a tactical nuclear weapon which uses, or is portable enough that it could use, a suitcase as its delivery method.
It has also reported that Israel has produced nuclear warheads small enough to fit into a suitcase. In nuclear weapon design, there is a tradeoff in conplah weapons designs between weight and compact size. The devices, identified as RAs weigh from fifty to sixty pounds and they can last for many years if wired to an electric source.
Donplan case there is a loss of power, there is a battery backup, if the battery runs low, the weapon has a transmitter that sends a coded message either by satellite or directly to a GRU post at a Russian embassy or consulate.