SUMMARY: DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU (By Fortunatus Nnadi ([email protected] com) Inspired by the Holy Spirit, the Sacred Writers composed the bible which. Divino Afflante Spiritu rejects those Catholic conservatives who “ pretend that nothing remains to be added by the Catholic exegete of our time to what. This chapter treats Catholic biblical interpretation since Pius XII’s encyclical Divino afflante Spiritu (). At the heart of the chapter is Vatican II’s teaching in its.
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Sign in with your library card. Having acknowledged Pope Leo for his stern defense of Scripture, Pius then outlines how the landscape of biblical studies has changed in the 50 years since Providentissimus Deus was issued. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Leo was concerned about the use of the historical-critical method in interpreting Scripture and declared that true science will never contradict Scripture properly understood.
Wherefore this authority of the Vulgate in matters of doctrine by no means prevents – nay rather today it almost demands – either the corroboration and confirmation of this same doctrine by the original texts or the having recourse on any and every occasion to the aid of these same texts, by which the correct meaning of the Sacred Letters is everywhere daily made more clear and evident.
Jesus is the way to heaven. There are, in fine, other books or texts, which contain difficulties brought to light only in quite recent times, since a more profound knowledge of antiquity has given rise to new questions, on the basis of which the point at issue may be more appropriately examined. II, 21; PL 34, col. The opposition between traditional and scientific approaches to Bible studies was epitomized in a pamphlet written by an Italian priest, Dolindo Ruotolo using the pseudonym Dain Cohenelprotesting strongly against the use of scientific, historical, and critical methods in the study and interpretation of Holy Scripture, particularly by the Pontifical Biblical Institute.
On the Catholic Interpretation of the Bible: Divino Afflante Spiritu
Xivino same inquiry has also shown the special preeminence of the people of Israel among all the other ancient nations of the East in their mode of compiling history, both by reason of its antiquity and by reasons of the faithful record of the events; qualities which may well be attributed to the gift of divine inspiration and to the peculiar religious purpose of biblical history.
To this Our most merciful Redeemer we must therefore bring all back by every means in our power; for He is the divine consoler of the afflicted; He it is Who teaches all, whether they be invested with public authority or are bound in duty divvino obey and submit, true honesty, absolute justice and generous charity; it is He in fine, and He alone, Who can be the firm foundation and support of peace and tranquillity: Jerome, which strives to promote among the faithful – and to facilitate with all its power – the truly praiseworthy custom of reading and meditating on the holy Gospels; he exhorted them to persevere in the enterprise they had begun, proclaiming it “a most useful undertaking, as well as most suited to the times,” seeing that it helps in no small way “to dissipate the idea that the Church is opposed to or in any way impedes the reading of the Scriptures in the vernacular.
Jerome the Doctor of Stridon says: In more recent times, however, since the divine origin and the correct interpretation of the Sacred Writings have been very specially called in question, the Church has with even greater zeal and care afflantee their defense and protection.
Apostolic constitutions and bulls Encyclicals Apostolic writings Magisterium. They are treated as past issues, and Pius XII dwells upon the positive contributions of scientific research towards the solution of biblical difficulties. But it is plain to everyone that priests cannot aflante fulfill all this unless in their Seminary days they have imbibed a practical and enduring love for the Sacred Scriptures. Let the present-day commentators of apiritu Sacred Scripture emulate, according to their capacity, what those illustrious interpreters of past ages accomplished with such great fruit; so that, as in the past, so also in these days, the Church may have at her disposal learned doctors for the expounding of the Divine Letters; and, through their assiduous labors, the faithful spiriru comprehend all the splendor, stimulating language, and joy contained in the Holy Scriptures.
By this knowledge and exact appreciation of the modes of speaking and writing in use among the ancients can be solved many difficulties, which civino raised against the veracity and diivino value of the Divine Scriptures, and no less efficaciously does this study contribute to a fuller and more spritu understanding of the mind of the Sacred Writer. Being thoroughly prepared by the knowledge of the ancient languages and by the aids afforded by the art of criticism, let the Catholic exegete spriitu the task, of all those imposed on him the greatest, that namely of discovering and expounding the genuine meaning of the Sacred Books.
Pope Pius XI decreed that no one should receive a benefice spirit attached the canonical obligation of expounding the Sacred Scripture unless he had obtained the licentiate or doctorate in biblical science.
The encyclical is likewise liberalizing in that it removed the requirement that official Catholic Bible translations be from the Spirity, stressed the fact that only a few biblical texts had been officially interpreted by the Catholic Church, and encouraged Scripture scholars to make full use of scientific means in studying and interpreting the Holy Bible.
The bishops are also encouraged to see to it that while still in the Seminary, the priests do not lack what is needed to help them imbibe a practical and enduring love for the Sacred Scriptures.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Today therefore, since this branch of science has attained to such high perfection, it is the honorable, though not always easy, task of students of the Bible to procure by every means that as soon as possible may be duly published by Catholics editions of the Sacred Books and of ancient versions, brought out in accordance with these standards, which, that is to say, unite the greatest reverence for the sacred text with an exact observance of all the rules of criticism.
We ought to explain the original text which was written by the inspired author himself and has more authority and greater weight than any, even the very best, translation whether ancient or modern. In this consists that “condescension” of the God of providence, which St. Apostolic Letter Hierosolymae in coenobioSept.
History Law Linguistics Literature. He defines the prime task of the biblical interpreter as the discovery of the literal sense of the Word of God, as intended by the inspired human author. For having begun by expounding minutely the principle that the inspired writer, in composing the sacred book, is the living and reasonable instrument of the Holy Spirit, they rightly observe that, impelled by the divine motion, he so uses his faculties and powers, that from the book composed by him all may easily infer “the special character of each one and, as it were, his personal traits.
With what little reason they thus speak is shown by the experience of many, who, assiduously considering and meditating the word of God, advanced in perfection and were moved to an intense love for God; and this same truth is clearly proved by the constant tradition of the Church and the precepts of the greatest Doctors.
Pope Pius X enacted a law concerning the method of scripture studies in clerical seminaries and also founded the Pontifical Biblical institute. Now Our Divine Savior Himself points out to us and teaches us this same sense in the Holy Gospel; the Apostles also, following the example of the Master, profess it in their spoken and written words; the unchanging tradition of the Church approves it; and finally the most ancient usage of the liturgy proclaims it, wherever may be rightly applied the well-known principle: Moreover there are now such abundant aids to the study of these languages that the biblical scholar, who by neglecting them would deprive himself of access to the original texts, could in no wise escape the stigma of levity and sloth.
No less earnestly do We inculcate obedience at the present day to the counsels and exhortations which he, in his day, so wisely enjoined.
Divino Afflante Spiritu Quotes
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. The Holy Church considers this heaven-sent treasure the most valuable source of doctrine on faith and morals. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Riding Time Like a River: Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. I, 4 PG 53, col. Doubtless all spiritual sense is not excluded from the Sacred Scripture. Please subscribe divion login to access full text content. It is scarcely necessary to observe that this criticism, which some fifty years ago not a few made use of quite arbitrarily and often in such wise that one would say they did so to introduce into the sacred text their own preconceived ideas, today has divono so firmly established and secure, that it has become a most valuable aid to the purer and more accurate editing of the sacred text and that any abuse spirltu easily be discovered.
Thus the Divine Spirtu will become for the future priests of the Church a pure and never failing source for their own spiritual life, as well as food and strength for the sacred office of preaching which they are about to undertake.
Divino afflante Spiritu – Wikipedia
There was a significant return in the Church to the spiiritu study of the Bible. Not infrequently – to mention only one instance – divion some persons reproachfully charge the Sacred Writers with some historical error or inaccuracy in the recording of facts, on spifitu examination it turns out to be nothing else than those customary modes of expression and narration peculiar to the ancients, which used to be employed in the mutual dealings of social life and which in fact were sanctioned by common usage.
For all human knowledge, even the nonsacred, has indeed its own proper dignity and excellence, being a finite participation of the infinite knowledge of God, but it acquires a new and higher dignity and, as it were, a consecration, when it is employed to cast a brighter light upon the things of God.
Moreover ancient codices of the Sacred Books have been found and edited with discerning thoroughness; the exegesis of the Fathers of the Church has been more widely and thoroughly examined; in fine the manner of speaking, relating and writing in use among the ancients is made clear by innumerable examples.
By me, if any man enter in, he shall be saved: In that message Pius XII referred with gratification to the beneficial results of his encyclical of 15 years before.
Westminster John Knox Press. Jerome, the greatest Doctor of the Sacred Scriptures, after having most solemnly inculcated the precepts and examples of the same Doctor, as well as the principles and rules laid down by Leo XIII and by himself, and having recommended other things highly opportune and never to be forgotten in this connection, exhorted “all the children of the Church, especially clerics, to reverence the Holy Scripture, to read it piously and meditate it constantly”; he reminded them “that in these pages is to be sought that food, by which the spiritual life is nourished unto perfection,” and “that the chief use of Scripture pertains to the holy and fruitful exercise of the ministry of preaching”; he likewise once again expressed his warm approval of the work of the society called after St.
The Fathers of the Church in their time, especially Augustine, warmly recommended to the Catholic scholar, who undertook the investigation and explanation of the Sacred Scriptures, the study of the ancient languages and recourse to the original texts. Apart from the help rendered by the above mentioned successors towards the good use of the bible, there are the many students of the Holy Scriptures who impart in the younger clergy the doctrine they have acquired.
Handbook of Biblical Criticism 3rd ed.