View Dolores Piperno’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. Dolores has 1 job listed on their profile. See the complete profile on. Dolores R. Piperno, elected to the National Academy of Sciences in , solved that dilemma by pioneering the use of different kinds of plant. Dolores Piperno of Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá with expertise in: Archaeology. Read 4 publications, and contact Dolores Piperno on.
|Published (Last):||6 October 2006|
|PDF File Size:||12.90 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.18 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The development of agricultural societies made possible by plant and animal domestication was one of the most transformative events in human and ecological history. This is a Profile of a recently elected member of the National Academy of Sciences to accompany the member’s Inaugural Article on page For her second postdoctoral fellowship, funded by the National Science Foundation Program in Environmental Biology, Piperno began to carry out more detailed studies of phytoliths in lakes and other kinds of paleoecological contexts.
Piperno continues to enjoy golf and reading history books, along with tending her garden at home. Through a review of recent studies in the New World tropics, this paper presents some contributions to, problems of, and prospects for phytolith analysis to inform the archaeological community about such issues as 1 the origins and dispersals of domesticated plants, 2 the development of tropical forest agriculture, 3 the uses of tropical plants in prehistory, and 4 the distribution and composition of past plant communities.
She and STRI’s Irene Holst analyzed 5, to 7,year-old stone tools from the Aguadulce Shelter and found starch grains that appeared to be from manioc, maize, yams, and arrowroot To fill this gap, Piperno explored a new direction in tropical research called starch grain analysis. A 6, year history of Amazonian maize cultivation more. They have included study of phytoliths, starch grains and pollen at archeological sites in Panama, Mexico, Ecuador, Peru, and Israel. View all Projects and Stories.
Dolores Piperno | Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute –
Science, The results verified the first set of pipenro data, providing evidence for an early dollres of manioc and yams, and corroborated previous phytolith data for maize Forests, however, were widespread in extent and many lowland forest taxa apparently persisted, creating the basis for the rejection of refugial theory as an explanatory model for early human occupation.
The last years of the glacial period, from 20, B. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Open in a separate window. This “Cited by” count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article.
Academic Press, San Diego. Plants decay so quickly in the steamy warmth of the tropics that it is often fruitless poperno botanical archaeologists to search the soils there for the fossilized remains of the seeds and roots traditionally used in their work.
Copyright and License information Disclaimer. InPiperno and Pearsall published The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics 17in which they summarized the evidence collected over the last two decades for plant domestication and past natural and human impacts on tropical forest. Log In Sign Up. Correlation of reconstructed environmental setting with Paleoindian site location suggests that Clovis adaptations were fluid and flexible, and utilized a pipeerno variety of vegetation types.
Their analyses of phytoliths and pollen from the lake cores found the same kinds of environmental shifts as in other regions of the lowland tropics, with a rapid and marked transition to the present warmer, wetter climate taking place at the end of the Ice Age approximately pipperno, years ago 5. Email address for updates. Sinceshe has been working in the Central Balsas basin of Mexico to investigate the origins of maize domestication and its environmental and cultural context.
Vegetational history of a site in the central Amazon basin derived from phytolith and charcoal records from natural soils DR Piperno, P Becker Quaternary research 45 2, Journal of World Prehistory.
Piperno, elected to the National Academy of Sciences insolved that dilemma by pioneering the use of different kinds of plant fossils.
Piperno also found that using pollen, phytolith, and charcoal data in tandem generated more robust environmental histories. After graduation, she went to work as a research technician dolorss Dr.
Investigating the Cradle of Maize For the past 7 years, Piperno and her team have tackled the long-debated question of where and when maize was domesticated. She has also carried out groundbreaking research on the application of phytoliths, pollen, starch grains, and charcoal in reconstructing the agricultural and environmental history of tropical areas, elucidating topics piperbo as the beginnings of maize domestication, the transition to agriculture in southwest Asia, human behavioral ecology, palaeoecology, and the effects of human activity on biodiversity.
Ecological Monographs 62 2, She compared and contrasted phytolith data with pollen and other records from the sites. As botanists and other researchers have long known, starch grains, microscopic particles where plants store their energy, are often diagnostic of a plant’s genus and even species. To this end, as part of her dissertation work, Piperno developed identification keys from modern specimens and conducted a diachronic analysis of phytoliths from several Panamanian sites, and demonstrated the significant presence of phytoliths in tropical archaeological sediments, thereby making a strong case for their archaeobotanical utility in tropical regions.
A re-evaluation in consideration of the empirical Evidence. Starch grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical forest more. The phytolith evidence more. Suggestions that the likely source of many of these crops, the tropical forest, was an early Lorant A, Pederson, S.
Languages Deutsch Edit links. Latin American Antiquity 7 4, Another Use for Phytoliths For her second postdoctoral fellowship, funded by the National Science Foundation Program in Environmental Biology, Piperno began to carry out more detailed studies of phytoliths in lakes and other kinds of paleoecological contexts.
My profile My library Metrics Alerts.
Earth SciencesGeoarchaeologyand History and archaeology. Archaeological materials offering robust contexts for microfossil study now include dolorex tools, ceramics, sediments, and human teeth.
Profile of Dolores R. Piperno
Another Surprising Tool By the late s, Piperno felt that she had dllores grip on the early cultivation and dispersals of maize and other seed crops, such as squashes, in Panama and northern South America. This date for maize cultivation is more than 2, years earlier than any previously reported from the Amazon basin2. Missouri Botanical Garden Press; Particularism and the retreat from theory in the archaeology of agricultural origins more. Title Cited by Year Phytoliths: Plant remains that are visible to the naked eye simply do not survive long in tropical soils, where the warmth and humidity cause rapid decay.
New Data, New Ideas, edited by D. Meanwhile, she published a new dilores of her phytolith book last year, in which she reviewed the present state of knowledge about pipegno discipline and the growth of the field since 3.