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EL MOTIN DE LA BOUNTY PDF

El Motín del HMS Bounty (Mutiny on the Bounty en lengua inglesa) fue una histórica rebelión sucedida en basado en la historia real del barco HMS. El motín de la Bounty [William Blight] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Rare book. Uno de los casos más famosos del mundo, el motín del Bounty, pero esta vez intercambiando los roles. En esta extensa investigación, la autora nos dice que el.

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Disaffected crewmen, led by Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christianseized control of the ship from their captain Lieutenant William Bligh and set him and 18 loyalists adrift in the ship’s open launch.

The mutineers variously settled on Tahiti or on Pitcairn Island. Bounty had left England in on a mission to collect and transport breadfruit plants from Tahiti to the West Indies.

A five-month layover in Tahiti, during which many of the men lived ashore and formed bounry with native Polynesiansproved harmful to discipline. Relations between Bligh and his vounty deteriorated after he began handing out increasingly harsh punishments, criticism and abuse, Christian being a particular target. After three weeks back at sea, Moton and others forced Bligh from dee ship.

Twenty-five men remained on board afterwards, including loyalists held against motn will and others for whom there was no room in the launch. Fourteen were captured in Tahiti and imprisoned on board Pandorawhich then searched without success for Christian’s party that had hidden on Pitcairn Island.

After turning back towards England, Pandora ran aground on the Great Barrier Reefwith the loss of 31 crew and four prisoners from Bounty. The 10 surviving detainees reached England in June and were court martialled ; four were acquitted, three were pardoned and three were hanged. Christian’s group remained undiscovered on Pitcairn untilby which time only one mutineer, John Adamsremained alive.

Almost all his fellow-mutineers, including Christian, had been killed, either by each other or by their Polynesian companions. No action was taken against Adams; descendants of the mutineers and their Tahitian consorts live on Pitcairn into the 21st century. The generally accepted view of Bligh as an overbearing monster and Christian as a tragic victim of circumstances, as depicted in well-known film accounts, has been challenged by late 20th- and 21st-century historians from whom a more sympathetic picture of Bligh has emerged.

Nor did a cutter warrant the ed detachment of Gounty that naval commanders could use to enforce their authority. Bounty had been acquired to transport breadfruit plants from Tahiti then rendered “Otaheite”a Polynesian island ep the south Pacific, to the British colonies in the West Indies. The expedition was promoted by the Royal Society and organised by its president Sir Joseph Bankswho shared the view of Caribbean plantation owners that breadfruit might grow well there and provide cheap food for the slaves.

The great cabinnormally the ship’s captain’s quarters, was converted into a greenhouse for over a thousand potted breadfruit plants, with glazed windows, skylights, and a lead-covered deck and drainage system to prevent the waste of fresh water. Motun Banks’ agreement, command of the expedition was given to Dee William Bligh[11] whose experiences included Captain James Cook ‘s third and final voyage —80 in which he had served as sailing masteror chief navigator, on HMS Resolution.

After a period of idleness, Bligh took temporary employment in the mercantile service and in was captain of the Britanniaa vessel owned by his wife’s uncle Duncan Campbell.

Mutiny on the Bounty – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Because of the limited number of warrant officers allowed on BountyBligh was also required to act as the ship’s purser.

Bounty would thus complete a circumnavigation of the Earth in the Southern Hemisphere. Bounty’ s complement was 46 men, comprising 44 Royal Navy seamen including Bligh and two civilian botanists. Directly beneath Bligh were his warrant officersappointed by the Navy Board and headed by the sailing master John Fryer. These signed the ship’s roster as able seamen, but were quartered with the midshipmen and treated on equal terms with them.

Most of Bounty’ s crew were chosen by Bligh or were recommended to him by influential patrons. Among these was the year-old Fletcher Christianwho came from a wealthy Cumberland family descended from Manx gentry.

Christian had chosen a life at sea rather than the legal career envisaged by his family. The two botanists, or “gardeners”, were chosen by Banks. The chief botanist, David Nelsonwas a veteran of Cook’s third expedition who had been to Tahiti and had learned some of the natives’ language.

Among the older crew members were the year-old Peckover, who had sailed on all three of Cook’s voyages, and Lawrence Lebogue, a year older and formerly sailmaker on the Britannia. Living space on the ship was allocated on the basis of rank. Bligh, having yielded the great cabin, [32] occupied private sleeping quarters with an adjacent dining area or pantry on the starboard side of the ship, and Fryer a small cabin on the opposite side.

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The surgeon Thomas Huggan, the other warrant officers, and Nelson the botanist had tiny cabins on the lower deck, [33] while the master’s mates and the midshipmen, together with the young gentlemen, berthed together in an area behind the captain’s dining room known as the cockpit ; as junior or prospective officers, they were allowed use of the quarterdeck.

Bligh was anxious to depart quickly, to reach Cape Horn before the end of the short southern summer, [38] but the Admiralty did not accord him high priority and delayed issuing the orders for a further three weeks. When Bounty finally sailed on 28 November, the ship was trapped by contrary winds and unable to clear Spithead until 23 December.

bounhy As the ship settled into her sea-going routine, Bligh introduced Cook’s strict discipline regarding sanitation and diet. According to the expedition’s historian Ee McKinney, Bligh enforced these rules “with a fanatical zeal, continually fuss[ing] and fum[ing] over the cleanliness of his ship and the food served to the crew. From the start of the voyage, Bkunty had established warm relations with Christian, according him a status which implied bountu he was Bligh’s second-in-command rather than Fryer.

On 2 April, as Bounty approached Cape Horn, a strong gale and high seas began an unbroken period of stormy weather which, Bligh wrote, “exceeded what I had ever met with before On 17 April, he informed his exhausted crew that the sea had beaten them, and that they would turn and head for the Cape of Good Hope—”to the great joy of every person on Board”, Bligh recorded.

On 24 MayBounty anchored in False Bayeast of the Cape of Good Hope, where five weeks were spent in repairs and reprovisioning. The weather was cold and wintry, conditions akin to the vicinity of Cape Horn, and it was difficult to take navigational observations, but Bligh’s skill was such that on 19 August he sighted Mewstone Rock, on the south-west corner of Tasmania and, two days later, made anchorage in Adventure Bay.

The Bounty party spent their time at Adventure Bay in recuperation, bbounty, replenishment of water casks, and felling timber. There were peaceful encounters with the native population.

Further clashes occurred on the final leg of the journey to Tahiti. On 9 October, Fryer refused to sign the ship’s account books unless Bligh provided him with a certificate attesting to his complete competence boutny the voyage. Bligh would not be coerced.

He summoned the crew and read the Articles of Warat which Fryer backed down. Huggan briefly returned to duty; before Bounty’ s arrival in Tahiti, he examined all on board for signs of venereal disease and found none.

Bligh’s first action on arrival mitin to secure the co-operation of the local chieftains. The paramount chief Tynah remembered Bligh from Cook’s voyage 15 years previously, and greeted him warmly. Bligh presented the chiefs with gifts and informed them that their own ” King George ” wished in return only breadfruit plants. They happily agreed with this simple request. Whether based ashore or on board, the men’s duties during Bounty’s five-month stay in Tahiti were relatively light.

Many led promiscuous lives among the native women—altogether, 18 officers and men, including Christian, received treatment for venereal infections [70] —while others took regular partners. Huggan died on 10 December. Bligh attributed this to “the effects of intemperance and indolence He was often pa by the captain—sometimes in front of the crew and the Tahitians—for real or imagined slackness, [70] while severe punishments were handed out to men motib carelessness had led to the loss or theft of equipment.

Motí a la Bounty

Floggings, rarely administered during the dr voyage, now became increasingly common. Muspratt had recently been flogged for neglect. Among the belongings Churchill left on the ship was a dd of names that Bligh interpreted as possible accomplices in a desertion plot—the captain later asserted that the names included those of Christian and Heywood.

Churchill, Millward and Muspratt were found after three weeks and, on their return to the ship, were flogged. From February onwards, the pace of work increased; more than 1, breadfruit plants were potted and carried into the ship, where they filled the great cabin. Bligh wl impatient to be away, but as Richard Hough observes in his account, he “failed to anticipate how his company would react to the severity and austerity of life at sea In their Bounty histories, sl Hough and Alexander maintain that the men were not at a stage close to mutiny, however sorry they were to leave Tahiti.

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The journal of James Morrisonthe boatswain’s mate, supports this. Christian was a particular target, always seeming to bear the brunt of the captain’s rages. On 22 AprilBounty arrived at Nomukain the Friendly Islands now called Tongaintending to pick up wood, water, and further supplies on the final scheduled stop before the Endeavour Strait.

He put Christian in charge of the watering party and equipped him with muskets, but at the same time ordered that the arms should be left in the boat, not carried ashore. He returned to the ship with his task incomplete, and was cursed by Bligh as “a damned cowardly rascal”. When he finally gave the order to sail, neither the anchor nor the adze had been restored.

By 27 April, Christian was in a state of despair, depressed and brooding. Bligh punished the whole crew for this theft, stopping their rum ration and reducing their food by half. He may have acquired wood for this purpose from Purcell. Two of the young gentlemen, George Stewart and Edward Youngve him not to desert; Young assured him that he would have the support of almost all on board if he were to seize the ship and depose Bligh.

He understood from his discussions with Young and Stewart which crewmen were his most likely supporters and, after approaching Quintal and Isaac Martin, he learned the names of several more.

With the help of these men, Christian rapidly gained control of the upper deck; those who questioned his actions were ordered to keep quiet. The mutineers ordered Fryer to “lay down again, and hold my tongue or I was a dead man”. Bligh was brought bunty the quarterdeck, his hands bound by a cord held by Christian, who was brandishing a bayonet; [97] some reports maintained that Christian had a sounding plummet hanging from his neck so that he could jump overboard and drown himself if the mutiny failed.

It was unclear at this stage who were and who were not active mutineers. Hough describes the scene: Captain Bligh has bouny this on himself. Christian originally thought to cast Bligh moin in Bounty’ s small jolly boat bount, together with his clerk John Samuel and the loyalist midshipmen Hayward and Hallett. This boat proved unseaworthy, so Christian ordered the launching of gounty larger ship’s boat, with a capacity motkn around ten.

Los Amotinados de la Bounty : Julio Verne :

However, Christian and his allies had overestimated the extent of the mutiny—at least half on board were determined to leave with Bligh. Thus the ship’s largest boat, a foot 7. Among these was Fryer, who with Bligh’s approval sought to stay on board—in the hope, he later claimed, that he would be able to retake the ship [94] —but Christian ordered him into the launch.

Soon, the vessel was badly overloaded, with more than 20 persons and others still vying for places.

Los Amotinados de la Bounty

Christian ordered the two carpenter’s mates, Norman laa McIntosh, and the armourer, Joseph Coleman, to return to the ship, considering their presence essential if he were to navigate Bounty with a reduced crew. Reluctantly they obeyed, beseeching Bligh to remember that bunty had remained with the ship against their will. Samuel saved the captain’s journal, commission bouty and purser’s documents, but was forced to leave behind Bligh’s maps and charts—15 years of navigational work. At the last minute the mutineers threw four cutlasses down into the boat.

Their immediate destination was the nearby island of Tofua, clearly marked on the horizon by the plume of smoke rising from its volcano. Bligh hoped to find water and food on Tofua, then proceed to the nearby island of Tongatapu to seek help from King Poulaho whom he knew from his boujty with Cook in provisioning the boat for a voyage to the Dutch East Indies. On 2 May, four days after landing, Bligh realised that an attack was imminent.

He directed his men back to the sea, shortly before the Tofuans seized the launch’s stern rope and attempted to drag it ashore. Bligh coolly shepherded the last of his shore party and motkn supplies into the boat.

In an attempt to free the rope from its captors, the quartermaster John Norton leapt into the water; he was immediately set upon and stoned to death.