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de Autoconcepto Social (AUSO), de nueva creación, compuesto por las escalas De la revisión tanto de las teorías del desarrollo social humano como de Palabras clave: Autoconcepto social; desarrollo social; instrumento de medida; fiabilidad; estructura factorial. .. Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, Revised Manual. Il existe 2 systèmes de cotation de cette échelle: une forme pour le Counseling et une forme pour l’aspect clinique et la recherche [ ] Auto-critique et 9 scores. [Cuestionario que sirve para] examinar la percepción que tiene una persona sobre sí misma, su valor personal y la manera en que esta.

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Psychosocial Functioning in the Elderly: An Assessment of Self-concept and Depression. Funcionamiento Psicosocial en los Ancianos: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between self-concept and depression in elderly people living in Residential Aged Care RAC settings.

These findings identify self-concept, particularly physical self-concept, as an important predictor of psychosocial well-being in elderly RAC residents. Further research is needed to examine the efficacy of psychosocial and rehabilitative interventions to optimise self-concept se RAC residents. In part, losses in quality of life domains, such as physical health, that often precede the transition to RAC likely contribute to mental health disturbance.

Depression is a treatable, yet disabling, disorder that constitutes one of the most significant health issues among the elderly Wutoconcepto et al. Although there is some contention as to the prevalence of depression amongst RAC residents, in part due to the use and interpretation of different measures of depression, there is consensus that depression is a significant constraint to well-being in this cohort Davidson et al.

Depression is highly correlated with quality of life McCrae, et al. It should, however, be emphasised that dr is not known to be necessary or sufficient for the formation of a negative self-concept or vice versa.

Rather, while deficiencies in one domain tend to predict deficiencies in other aspects of psychosocial functioning, autodoncepto explanations remain elusive. Nonetheless, maintenance of a positive self-concept is positively correlated with quality of life and well-being de Gracia Blanco, et al.

Thus, self-concept acts as a significant mediator of the personal aging experience Shu, et al. Therefore, it is unsurprising that RAC settings, which tend to represent losses in these valued domains, can often be perceived in a negative manner Aitken, ; Antonelli, et al. Research has shown that RAC residents tend to have more negative self-conceptions than their community dwelling counterparts Antonelli et al. The primary aim of this pilot study is to extend this literature base by examining self-concept evaluations in elderly people living in Australian RAC settings.

A secondary aim is to explore the relationship between depression and self-concept in the elderly. In line with previous research, it is hypothesised that elderly participants living in RAC will possess significantly more negative self-conceptions compared to adult normative data. Further, it is hypothesised that self-concept will be negatively correlated with depression.

Participants were recruited from a pool of residents from 10 low-care RAC facilities in Melbourne, Australia, whom Directors of Nursing had identified as having the capacity to consent for themselves and to have lived at the facility for a minimum of three weeks.


Directors of Nursing excluded individuals diagnosed with dementia or delirium and those legally blind or severely hearing impaired. Of these, 64 indicated their consent to participate in the study. Two participants scored between 20 and 23 on the S-MMSE and also scored 5 on the Geriatric Depression Scale; they were retained in order to accommodate any cognitive impairment associated with depression Belsky, Test administration takes an average of minutes.

Due to the advanced age of participants, the question ‘I treat my parents as well as I should’ was changed to ‘I treat ed my parents as well as I should’. Six subscales are generated from 74 items: Combined, these six subscales form a Total Self-Concept score.

These include Identity e. Following approval from the Monash University Standing Committee on Ethics in Research using Humans, residents identified by Directors of Nursing as meeting inclusion criteria were invited to participate. Participants were requested to complete the TSCS: Descriptive statistics means and standard deviations for the TSCS: Scores on the GDS-S ranged between 0 to 11 with a mean of 4.

La prueba del auto-concepto de Tennessee

Table 2 revealed a significant negative correlation between depression scores and all of the self-concept scales. The primary aim of this pilot study was to examine self-concept evaluations in elderly participants residing in Australian RAC settings. The results revealed that all TSCS: These results support those of Antonelli et al.

Moreover, the findings are consistent with those of Davidson et al. The secondary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between auoconcepto and self-concept in elderly Australian RAC residents.

Consistent with past research de Gracia Blanco, et al. Whether vulnerability in these domains predisposed individuals to require RAC or, alternatively, developed in the context of the RAC environment is not clear from these cross sectional data; further longitudinal study is required to interrogate causal factors.


Results from this pilot study confirm that self-concept is a critical factor in need of addressing within the RAC context. Given that the current sample was limited to RAC residents, it would be worthwhile to compare these results to a community dwelling elderly sample to determine whether negative self-concept evaluations were intensified within the RAC environment.

Once this was established, further research may be more able to examine ways in which the self-concept is restructured in later life and how this influences self-concept evaluation. Given the capacity for self-concept change and its relationship to well-being and depression both of which appear to be vulnerable within an RAC contextit may be appropriate to identify interventions that optimise and enhance self-concept in RAC settings.

Many interventions seeking to enhance well-being by enhancing positive affect and decreasing depression in RAC contexts tend to be social in nature; the extent to which such interventions may have self-concept benefits remains a subject for empirical investigation.

One of the limitations of this pilot study was related to the participant recruitment process. A non-random sample was employed to maximise the number of depressed participants recruited, which may limit the generalizability of the findings. Future research that recruits all cognitively intact elderly residing in RACs, regardless of depression severity, and includes a community dwelling sample, would be worthwhile. Depression is a significant mental-health problem in the elderly.


In RAC environments, where age-related losses are often intensified, depression is particularly prevalent Davidson et al. Our results suggest that self-concept is significantly eroded in elderly RAC residents and that this is linked with poor mental health, such as depression. Further empirical research is required to advance understanding of the self-concept and provide novel insight into the way individuals negotiate the aging experience.

One such method might be to introduce social interventions that provide opportunities for purpose and mastery Davidson et al. We also gratefully acknowledge the support of the Residential Aged Care facility residents and staff for their participation.

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Rural Remote Health, The experience of ageing: Influences on mental health and well-being. Promoting Positive Ageing pp. Health status and risk for depression among the elderly: Age Ageing, 39 1 Biopsychosocial factors related to depression in aged care residents. Journal of Affective Disorders, Analysis of self-concept in older adults in different contexts: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 20 4 Content and function of the self-definition in old and very old age.

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The differential distinctiveness hypothesis. Journal of Educational Psychology95 4 Depression among older people with cognitive impairment: