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“Marea Neagra” de Gheorghe I. Bratianu. 3 likes. Book. gheorghe bratianu marea neagra pdf free. Quote. Postby Just» Tue Aug 28, am. Looking for gheorghe bratianu marea neagra pdf free. Will be. Russian expanssion at the Black Sea – by Gheorghe I. Brătianu (martyr for . See also: Gheorghe I Bratianu: Geografia Istorica si Politica a Marii Negre ruseasca la Marea Neagra – de Gheorghe I. Brãtianu – The Journal.

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The beautiful perspectives seen for the Black Sea question, freedom of navigation and freedom of straits were progressively shut down by the conditions foreseeing the present crisis and war. We bratiqnu our presentation with the Lausanne Bratiannu. This treaty opened large, beautiful perspectives, which were proved to be illusions. For the first time there was for the Black Sea a regime assimilating it with other seas, freedom of straits, not only for merchant ships but also for war ships.

There was only one limitation: There is allready a search for replacement of this resource, preparing the world for the times when it will not be available anymore.

The are some people saying even that this moment is not that far away: The development of oil industry concerns both extremities of the Black Sea.

On one hand, the Eastern side of the Black Sea more and more regions are opened for oil extraction — it started from Baku, Apcheron Peninsula, towards Groznyi, noth Caucasus and Maikop.

This whole region seems to be a chain of extraxtion fields.

Russian expanssion at the Black Sea – by Gheorghe I. Brătianu (martyr for Romania)

Also, there is no secret that around Caspian Sea, these oil fields reach bratiaju East. Starting with the moment when Caspian resources flow bratianuu Batumi, the oil becomes a decisive element for the Black Sea, as it became through the development of oil industry in Romania, flowing towards Danube.

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The much regreted Take Ionescu was right saying at a reunion of his party: At the same time with the development of Romanian oil industry, across Black Sea developed the Caucasus oil industry. One of the authors that dealt with this issue tells us a conversation between Russian Tsar Alexander III and his finance minister; the Tsar was interrested in the matter of oil, especially that in Baku an intense activity was going on and the monarch needed information on the subject, thus asking his minister, count Witte: Your Braitanu, smells like gold!

The majority of these interrests in oil extraction in Caucasus region were in Russian hands even before the Great War — because Nobel Group itself was a Russian group.

gheorghe bratianu marea neagra pdf free

This problem has two sides: It may be said that oil was the main agent of soviet policy during the third decade of twentieth century. The double action of spreading the soviet oil and communist propaganda was felt everywhere. Treaty of Lausanne was modified by a conference in Switzerland, Montreux, where on 20th July a new treaty was signed, which changed the provisions from Lausanne in the sense that the region around the Straits, declared neutral, was no longer under this status.

Turkey had from then the right to fortify the Straits and used this right. The second change was the limitation of tons displacement for warships entering the Black Sea.

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A limit of The third point was the period for which the foreign warships were to stay in the Black Sea: Fortifying the Straits was an advantage for Turkey, the limitations for foreign warships was an advantage for Russia. This was underlined by the Soviet minister Litvinov who stated: Now let me come back to the ideas I used to open this class.

I said that the Black Sea issue reminds us of the two permanent factors of our history: The mountains — where we came from — and the sea — from where we can breath the air of freedom. I choose for this class the problem of the sea for two reasons. First, because this siade of the sea brings us into the universal field: The mountains side is a national problem, limited in space.


gheorghe bratianu marea neagra pdf free

In the second place because I think this problem of the sea should be inscribed deeper in our conscience. To speak about the mountains would be like knockin on open doors. There is no need to speak about the mountains problem, it is deeply rooted in our conscience; any Romanian has his thoughts targeted in this direction.

The problem of the sea is a rational one. It is not for the first time we have this dilemma of heart versus reason.

In we have chosen the heart, because the problem of the sea was not that important as it is today. On the sea side we had a falling Russia, while today the sea problem contains the threat of a formidable power, Soviet Union of today.

We are asked therefore to have an active conscience of our individual and colective duty towards these problems, to stay united, putting aside all factors bringing national and social differences. Only united we will be able to solve these problems and defend the very existence of our people. Geografia Istorica si Politica a Marii Negre.

Lupta cu stereotipurile se gheoorghe pe frontul intern, cum zice autorul.

De la Larry Watts…. Larry Watts de Centenar: Expansiunea ruseasca la Marea Neagra – de Gheorghe I.

Istoricul Gheorghe I Bratianu. Russian expanssion at the Black Sea — by Gheorghe I. Exclusiv decembrie 18, Galerie decembrie 16, Eveniment decembrie 10,